Raluca Marilena DUMITRESCU
Muzeul Județean Mureș, Târgu Mureș
Universitatea de Arte „George Enescu”, Iași
The article presents a case study, referred to issues connected to the conservation state of a painted cupboard, which is the work of one member of the Umling family. The specimen is dated 1776, and it derives from the former museum in Sângeorgiu de Pădure, Mureș County, now being part of the collection of Ethnography and Popular Art department of County Museum in Târgu Mureș. Representative for the painted furniture of XVIII century, the piece turned into attention of the restorers in 2013 at the initiative of the Conservation Restoration Lab and Ethnography and Popular Art department, occasion with were done first steps for the conservation. In the content of the article are analyzed both technical, esthetical and style features. Besides a general reference of Umling style, at the same time are shown the particular features defined in this case. There are references about the chromatic and ornament, as well as the wooden structure. The part of the conservation state in the presentation includes researches and investigations undergone upon the object, in order to do as good and advised interventions in restoration process. The obtained results – UV, IR, XRF and microscopic, revealed important details about the graphic appearance, the nature and composition of pigments, the condition of paint layer and even the structure underneath, them being described and illustrated in pictures. Also the cleaning tests that were held, brought valuable information about the nature of deposits of dirt that were met, about the composition and structure of paint layer. The conservation state of the object is presented extensively. The degradation is analyzed overall at the structure, painted layer, metallic parts level only from theoretical reason, this being in fact a plurality of the direct influence of decaying agents that acted simultaneously. Thus, the careful analysis of the damages that intervened is offering relevant conclusions about the history of the object and circumstances in which it gone. The presentation constitutes just a first part of a bigger work that will comprise also a second part about the restoration process that will be presented in a future article. In conclusion, besides thanks, there are mentioned the participants that contributed to these results.
Keywords: conservation, restoration, physicochemical analysis, Umling style