Institutul Național de Cercetare-Dezvoltare pentru Tehnologii Izotopice și Moleculare
Olivia Florena MĂRUȚOIU
Universitatea „Babeş-Bolyai”, Facultatea de Teologie Ortodoxă
Daniela TOADER, Laura TROȘAN
Muzeul Etnografic al Transilvaniei
INCDO-INOE 2000 Institutul de Cercetare pentru Instrumentație Analitică
In order to preserve and restore the wooden icon “Bunavestire” belonging to the Transylvanian Museum of Ethnography, non-destrictive (XRF) and destructive (FTIR spectroscopy) investigation methods were employed. Spruce fir is the wood species for the icon and several painting materials were employed: Scheele green, diluted with lead white, red iron mixed with Vermillon, gold foil for gilded areas and copper oxide for black. For restoration malachite, titanium white, lead white, orpiment, lead yellow and red iron were employed. Before restoration a scientific investigation is necessary.
Keywords: wooden icon, XRF and FTIR spectroscopy, old and new painting materials