Muzeul Etnografic al Transilvaniei
The workpiece approached in this paper is part of the category of port textiles (head adornment), with the purpose of emphasizing the social and economic status, but it also has a decorative role. The bonnet comes from the Odorheiul Secuiesc area and can be dated between 1880-1910. When the bonnet first entered the restoration laboratory it was investigated and the following degradations were found: functional wear, dust and dirt deposits, aging and brittleness of the fabric thread, dehydration and stiffening of the embroidery thread, stains of unknown origin, not very visible, improper interventions. The restoration work started with the dry mechanical cleaning of the workpiece, which was performed using the Minivacuum cleaner. Before the wet cleaning operation, the ribbons, bottoms and all the decorative elements of the piece, paper flowers, were disassembled, each component being cleaned and consolidated independently. The drying was controlled, the silk ribbons were dried on a glass support, and for the rest of the workpiece was made a drying support, which imitates the shape of the head. Together with the museologist, it was decided to coat the entire piece with transparent material (creplină) for the exterior, and a cotton cloth was used for the interior.
Keywords: bonnet, restoration, head adornment, Odorheiul Secuiesc