The climate with relatively harsh winters, as well as the significant number of sheep raised in the Intra-Carpathian area have spread the leather-made traditional garment elements throughout the Transylvanian area. Whether we refer to clogged or split vests, or to long or short sheepskin coats with sleeves, the Transylvanian sheepskin coat makers produced garments of a rare beauty, specific to the different ethnographic areas. Among these can be distinguished the Saxon sheepskin coats from the Bistrița-Nősnerland area, which we can easily recognize by the rich ornamentation and the specific cut, with obvious influences from the Romanian sheepskin coats. Worn during winter time, at the church or on different holidays, both the female and the male ones are distinguishable by their vivid colours. These white clothes, named Pelczrock, made of tawed sheep fur, were decorated with predominantly floral motifs, embroidered with applications of very thin sheepskin (cut or pressed pattern), and sometimes with coloured tassels. The ornaments were displayed on the front and back sides, often also on the sleeves, most often, on the chest, the year of its making also being embroidered. On neckbands, the coats had fine fur insertions (such as mink, otter or squirrel).
In addition to their functionality, these valuable traditional garment pieces, carefully conserved and sometimes left for posterity, represented an important identity and social mark.
The collection of Saxon sheepskin coats is one of the most valuable in our museum patrimony, simultaneously representing the specificity of an ethnicity, its manner of adapting to the Intra-Carpathian climatic conditions, and a category of folk art which develops in its own direction, but in close interdependence with the Romanian population.
The female sheepskin coat from the image, with inventory number A751, was manufactured in 1927, according to the embroidered dating on the chest, and it originates from Satu Nou, Cetate village, Bistrița-Năsăud county.